Tourist Attractions
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Tourist Attractions

The International Waterway E70 runs through regions of highly diversified ethnicity, economy and natural environment. Due to this variety, the route of the waterway, connecting the Oder and the Vistula Lagoon, is replete with historic buildings, ancient towns, works of human activity and abundant wildlife.

We can find here the Castle of Malbork and the medieval urban complex of Toruń, both listed as UNESCO Cultural Heritage sites. There are other Teutonic castles in Kwidzyn, Gniew, Świecie, Sztum and Nowe and historic towns in Chełmno, Gdańsk, Grudziądz, Elbląg and Bydgoszcz. The regions also abound with numerous examples of historical technological equipment used in the operation of the rivers and waterways, i.e. weirs, canal locks, historic transshipment sites and storage places for goods, drainage installations, bridges and other structures used for transport. All these elements are surrounded by beautiful landscapes and charming nature with such unique landmarks as the Warta River Mouth National Park, the complex of Chełmno and Vistula River Landscape Park, the Warta River Mouth Landscape Park, the Vistula Spit and the Elbląg Upland Landscape Park.

Oder River

Cedynia – a town boasting a 13th and 14th c. cloister of Cistercian Nuns, the 13th-14th century Church of Nativity of the Virgin Mary, built of granite bricks, the Regional Museum, the Town Hall of 1840, a viewing tower, the Millennium of the Polish State Memorial in Osinów Dolny.

Cedynia Landscape Park - established on 1 April 1993, extends from the edge of the Myślibórz Lakes and Gorzów Plain to the end of the Lower Oder Valley and Freienwalde Valley (Oderbruch). It includes the municipalities of Cedynia, Chojna, Moryń and Mieszkowice. The Park has an area of 308.5 square kilometres. It is unique for its diverse post-glacial landscapes. The area has numerous nature reserves, which are home to a range of plant and animal wildlife.

Gozdowice - the Museum of Military Engineers of the Polish First Army, with military memorabilia of the Polish First Army engineering brigades, maps of the battlefront reconstructions and original boats, amphibians and inflatable floats.

Warta River

Warta River Mouth Landscape Park - established in 1996, extends over an area of 205.35 square kilometres. The landscape is dominated by extensive wet meadows and pastures. They are divided with a network of rivers and canals - remains of the once extensive drainage system of the rivers Warta and Oder. The forests, though occupying only a small portion of the area, are extremely precious. The wetlands in the river valleys are official protected, as they are breeding sites and habitats of water and marsh birds. There are 30 species of mammals and over 390 species of vascular plants, gathered in nearly 50 plant communities.

Warta River Mouth National Park - an area of 80.74 square kilometres, which was excluded from the Warta River Mouth Landscape Park in 2001.. It is located at the western border of Poland, in part of the Toruń-Eberswalde Proglacial Stream Valley called the Gorzów Valley. The flat broad reaches of the Park surround the lower section of the river Warta. The river, passing through the Park, naturally divides the area into the northern polder and the floodplain area. The unique wetlands and extensive meadows and pastures are one of the most important refuges of water and marsh birds in Poland. The area of the Park is inhabited by over 260 species of birds, and at least 170 of theses species have their breeding grounds here.

Kostrzyn nad Odrą - ruins of a 15th century castle and remnants of 16th - 20th century fortifications.

'Słońsk' Bird Reserve - one of the largest areas of breeding sites of the goose in Europe, stretching for over 40 square kilometres. Since 1984 the reserve has been protected under the international Ramsar Convention on Wetlands due to its habitats of more than 240 species of birds.

Gorzów Wielkopolski - a number of historic buildings, including: a Gothic cathedral of the beginning of the 14th century, an 18th-19th century church, defensive walls of the first half of the 14th century with fortified towers, an 18th century granary of timber frame construction, historic houses from the late 18th and early 19th century and a 20th century Art Nouveau palace housing the regional museum.

Santok - situated at the confluence of the Warta and Noteć. The village boasts a number of historical buildings. The most important ones are a Gothic church with a bell tower of the early 18th century and half-timbered buildings of the 19th century.

Noteć

Noteć Forest (Puszcza Notecka) – a large forest complex and a very attractive tourist location with numerous lakes. The landscape of the Forest is marked with huge linear dunes that make up a maze of hills and valleys.

Drezdenko - a number of historical buildings: a baroque palace of the 18th century (now adapted as a school), a complex of Baroque buildings of the 18th century and remains of 17th century fortified walls.

Wieleń - Sapieha Palace from the beginning of the 18th c., a historical palace park, a chapel, a restored 17th c. parish church and a former evangelical church from the second half of the 18 century.

Krucz - one of the major entry points into the Noteć Forest. In the village itself we can admire the remains of a 14th century brown coal mine shafts.

Czarnków - here the Noteć changes its course from latitudinal to longitudinal. The town's historical sites that are worth visiting include: a late Gothic church from the second half of the 16th century, rebuilt in the 17th and 18th century, with Baroque and Rococo furnishings, a neoclassical 17th century manor house, a number of historical houses of the 18th and 19th c., granaries of the first half of the 19th c.

Góra Krzyżowa - one of the most prominent vantage points over the Noteć Valley.

Radolin - with a historical urban layout and a 19th c. church, a number of vantage points to view the valley, where the river course changes its direction.

Ujście - an important junction of the waterways of the Noteć and Gwda; a range of attractive tourist landmarks, including: historic 18th and 19th century cottages, an early-19th century granary and inn and an early medieval settlement of the 7th-12th centuries.

Central Noteć Valley - a vast river valley with very attractive natural landmarks and picturesque views. A wide, swampy valley with poor water-to-land access.

Osiek nad Notecią – the Ethnographic and Archaeological Museum and the Museum of Folk Culture with numerous huts and rural homestead typical of the Wielkopolska-Pomerania border region of the late 19th and early 20th century, an archaeological and ethnographic reserve - a burial site from 2.5 thousand years ago.

Nakło nad Notecią - a church with Baroque décor of the early 19th century, historic houses of the 18th and 19th centuries, a town park with a viewpoint tower and the Museum of the Krajna Region.

Bydgoszcz Canal and Brda River

Potulice - the Palace of the Potulicki Family of the 19th century with an English landscape park.

Bydgoszcz Canal - a historic hydraulic enginnering structure - first built in 1773, later altered and reconstructed many times. The first steamboats sailed on the canal as early as in 1883.

Bydgoszcz - an important centre of water tourism services. In the city - a number of historic buildings, e.g. a Gothic parish church of the 15th-16th century, a late-Gothic church of the 16 c., the Church of the Poor Clares of the 16th-17th century, the Town Hall - a former Jesuits collegiate church of the 16th c., 18th c. granaries on the banks of the Brda River, now converted into a museum, the Mill Island called 'Bydgoszcz Venice' with 19th century buildings and Art Nouveau houses in the city centre. The Bydgoszcz Waterway Junction is a meeting point of river cruises on the rivers Noteć, Brda and Vistula.

Vistula

Toruń - a city which, aside from Kraków, Warsaw, Wrocław, Gdańsk, Poznań, Szczecin and Lublin, is a very attractive tourist destination. Toruń's New and Old Towns have preserved almost entirely their medieval character and, together with the ruins of the Teutonic castle, have a spatial and urban arrangement of the highest and most unique historical value in the world. The medieval churches, the Old Town Hall and the tenement house 'Pod Gwiazdą' are of the same high historical class. Since 1997, the Old Town complex has been listed on the UNESCO World Heritage Sites register. Other noteworthy landmarks of Toruń include: the Artus Court, the Kuyavia Bishops' Palace, the Esken Palace, the Fenger Palace, defensive city walls with fortified towers and gates, an artillery arsenal and the fortification complex of the fortress of Toruń. The boulevards along the Vistula and the view of the city from the left bank of the Vistula are also popular tourist attractions.

Solec Kujawski - a Neo-Baroque church of the first half of the 19th century,

The Museum of Solec Przysiek - a manor house of the second half of the 18th century with a park, a reconstructed mill from the first half of the 18th century, and a former 17th century brewery.

Chełmno and Vistula Landscape Parks - they extend over the central portion of the Lower Vistula Valley from Bydgoszcz to Kozielec, in the municipality of Nowe. Area: 556.425 square kilometres. The Park was established to preserve the natural landscape of the the Vistula River Valley, one of the few major European rivers where natural ecosystems with a variety of habitats are retained: riverside meadows, oxbow lakes, riparian forests and steep geologically active slopes, erosion valleys, ravines covered with mixed forests growing on the valley slopes with such trees as the oak, hornbeam, maple, lime, beech, xerothermic vegetation, and shrub communities.

Ostromecko - the Schenborn Palaces of the 18th and 19th century, with a park and a Gothic church from the first half of the 15th century, renovated in the 17 century, with a Baroque tower of 18th century. The site of famous alkaline water springs, exploited since 1884; numerous vantage points.

Topolno - a 17th century church and a Baroque palace with a 19th century park. One of major attractions of this village is the Spring of St. Roch.

Chełmno – 18th-19th century town walls, the Renaissance Town Hall with an Attic-style roof of the second half of the 16th century, now housing the Museum of Chełmno; the Grudziądzka Gate of 13th-14th century, rebuilt in the early 17th century with a Mannerist chapel 'Na Bramce', the neo-classical building of the Academy of Chełmno, former barracks of 1774 for the Cadet School established by Frederick the Great, King of Prussia, a Gothic parish church with a Baroque main altar and Rococo side altars and a Renaissance chapel with the 16th century painting The Pietà, a Gothic Franciscan church of the 13th-14th c., a Gothic church of the Dominicans (mid-13th and 14th c.) with a Rococo altar and pulpits from the second half of the 18th century, a monastery and a two-story church of the Cistercian Nuns from the beginning of the 13th century with Baroque altars and a historic organ.

Świecie - a range of historic buildings, including a Gothic 14th century church, a 19th century church, a former Bernardine monastery complex of the 17th-18th c., ruins of the Castle of the Teutonic Knights of the second half of the 14th c., city walls of the 14th c. and the 19th c. Town Hall.

Grudziądz - interesting Old Town architecture and a view of the city from the riverside, granaries situated along the Vistula embankments, unique in Europe, (their construction began in the 14th c., mostly from the 16th and 17th c., rebuilt in the 19th and 20th c.) Other buildings: a 14th century water gate, the Town Hall of the 17th century, a Baroque Jesuit church of the 17th century, the Jesuit Collegiate Church of the 17th c. styled as an early-Baroque palace, a Benedictine monastery rebuilt and expanded in the 18 c. (now a museum), the late-Baroque Abbesses' Palace of the second half of the 18 c., a Gothic church reconstructed in the 17th c., a 20 century church and a tourist attraction - fragments of defensive fortifications (Grudziądz Fortress) - the 17th century Citadel

Nowe - the Teutonic Castle (mid-14th c.) was restored in the 20th c.; a Gothic parish church of the 14th-15th c. with a 14th century polychrome (wall paintings), a Gothic former Franciscan church of the second half of the 14th c., rebuilt in the 17th and 18th centuries, a 14th century Gothic hospital chapel, fragments of 14th century Gothic defensive walls, fishermen's houses and a historic pumping station.

Wiosło Małe - a floral nature reserve surrounding the Młyńska Struga (the Mill Stream) with thermophilic forest-steppe vegetation.

Wiosło Duże - a floral reserve in the Kociewie Region along the western bank of the Vistula River. Established to protect the xerothermic coniferous and mixed forests with xerothermic species and forest-steppe vegetation.

Opalenie - a former Vistula crossing; a manor of the second half of the 18th century with a park and a church from the second half of the 18th century with Rococo furnishings.

Kwidzyn - a city of great tourist value with famous historic monuments, including the 14th century Castle of the Teutonic Order, a 14th century Gothic Cathedral, a neo-Gothic church from the first half of the 19th century, the city walls of the 14th c., fragments of a town hall tower of the 19th c. and classicist houses of the 19th c.

Tymawa - a baroque 18th century church with Rococo furnishings.

Piaseczno - a Marian shrine and a church of the mid-14th century, rebuilt in the 17th century.

Gniew - a historic town with a 13th-14th century castle of the Teutonic Order, renovated in the 20th century, a 13th-14th century town hall and an archaeological museum on Castle Hill.

Las Mątawski (Mątawski Forest) - a forest nature reserve in the Powiśle and Żuławy Malborskie Regions, isolated among the fields and meadows of the area (established in 2005, with an area of 2.32 square kilometres). The reserve includes the joint area of the reserves Las Łęgowy nad Nogatem i Mątowy (floodplain forest on the river Nogat), as well as new forests outside the existing reserves (including the Mątowski Cape). The protected area of the reserve includes the river delta forests at the fork of the Vistula and Nogat (the only remnants of a once larger stretch of forests), separated from the rivers with levees and flood embankments.

Tczew is an important landmark on the Vistula River waterway. Its architecture includes a Gothic church from the first half of the 14th century, expanded in the 15th c., a 13th century Dominican monastery with a church of the first half of the 14th c., rebuilt in the 15th-16th c. and a monastery of the first half of the 14th c., rebuilt in the 19th c. Other interesting places: fragments of the 14th century city walls, an 18th century manor park, and the Museum of the Vistula River - a Department of the Central Maritime Museum in Gdańsk.

Palczewo - the only one wooden church of the first half of the 18th century in the Żuławy Wiślane area (the delta region of the Vistula), a windmill from the first half of the 19th c. and historic houses.

Kiezmark - a 17th century church, an 18th century house

Przegalina - a 19th century canal lock, which has been operative on the Vistula since 1895. The lock is divided into North Lock and South Lock. North Lock became operational when the artificial delta branch of the Vistula, known as Przekop Wisły (the Vistula Cut), was completed. Two locks were constructed then: a smaller one for rafts and the other, larger for regular shipping. In the period 1975-1980 a new canal lock was built where the small lock for rafts was situated and the new construction was given its present name - South Lock. The old shipping lock, called North Lock, was closed down in 1992, and since then it has been available for tourists as a historical site. The original late-19th century mechanism of the old lock are now located in the adjacent building. South Lock (opened in 1980) connects the system of inland waterways of Gdańsk with the Vistula Cut.

Mewia Łacha - a nature reserve for birds, established in 1991 at the mouth of the Vistula River, with an area of 1.5 square kilometres. The reserve is to protect breeding sites of different species of seagulls and feeding and roosting habitats of birds of the Charadriiformes order.

Gdańsk - one of Poland's major sightseeing & tourist centres. It offers a vast range of historic sites, cultural events and other attractions to suit the tastes of every tourist. The most important monuments of Gdańsk: the Highland Gate from the 16th century; the Tower Prison and Torture Chamber of the 14th-15th century (Museum of the Judiciary), the Golden Gate of the first half of the 17th century; Court of St. George Brotherhood of the 15th c.; The Well Gate Tower; The Straw Gate Tower; The Armoury (16th century); Uphagen's House (the Museum of Patrician Townhouse Interiors); the Main Town Hall of 14th-15th century (Gdańsk History Museum), The Green Gate, Artus Court of the 15th century; Neptune Fontaine (17th century); the Golden House of the 17th c.; the late-Gothic St. Mary's Church of 14th-15th century; St. Mary's Gate (15th century) with the Archaeological Museum, St Dominic's Fair at Mariacka street, the threadweel Crane from the 15th century (Maritime Museum); Ship 'Sołdek'; granaries on the Ołowianka Island; St. John's Gate (14th century); St. Catherine's Church of the 14th-15th c.; the Tower Clock Museum; St. Bridget's Church (14th-15th c.), the Great and the Small Mill from the 14th c.; the Old Town Hall - an example of mannerist architecture of the 16th c.; Pelplin's Abbots House of the 17th century; Franciscan monastic complex of the 15th-16th c. - now: the National Museum; the late-Gothic St. Peter and Paul's Church from late-14th century; Westerplatte; the building of the Polish Post Office of the Free City of Gdańsk - now a national memorial site; the Monument to the Fallen Shipyard Workers and Wisłoujscie Fortress.

Nogat River

Biała Góra - the canal lock separating the waters of the Vistula and Nogat. It has long been one of the major points of human intervention in the course of the Vistula River, and the issue of the river's division was a trigger point for many conflicts in the past. The present form of the Biała Góra water junction was shaped in the 19th and 20th century. The so-called Great Sluice dates back to the mid-nineteenth century (1852), the oldest part of the lock (rebuilt in 1879). Construction works of the presently operational lock commenced in August 1912 and were completed in 1915.

Malbork - a city of rich history - its origins date back to 1276. The most valuable monument of the city is the Castle of the Teutonic Order, listed on the UNESCO World Heritage register. The castle is the world's largest brick construction. The Castle Museum in Malbork has valuable collections of amber, militaria and Gothic sculpture. Aside from the castle, there is a large number of preserved medieval historic buildings: the Gothic Church of St. John the Baptist, the 14th century Town Hall and defensive walls with two medieval city gates and the Latin School.

Mouth of the Nogat River - a nature reserve for the protection of water and marsh bird species (migratory and resident birds) and their habitats.

Elbląg River

Elbląg is an important centre for tourist traffic. In the city one can admire a range of historic buildings, e.g. the 13th-14th Gothic Church of St. Mary and the Market Gate, which is the remains of the city's fortifications from the 14th century. Other points of interest for tourists: 'Galeria EL' Art Gallery, 'Bażantarnia' Forest (recreational park and forest), the Museum of Archaeology and History. In the vicinity there is the Elbląg Canal, Lake Druzno - a nature reserve and the excavation site of the ancient trade settlement of Truso.

Vistula Lagoon

Vistula Spit Landscape Park - an area of unique natural, cultural and historical landmarks in Poland. It stretches from the eastern reaches of the Vistula Spit lined with coastal dunes and overgrown with pine and mixed forests, where, in the dune valleys, transitional bogs and patches of bog-birch forests can be found. The park has an area of 44.1 square kilometres, and its buffer zone is 227.03 square kilometres. Landscape values: beautiful, sandy beaches backed with a front of dunes, greatly diversified and dynamic terrain. Other attractive features are the morphological diversity of the coast of the Vistula Lagoon - the low shores overgrown with reeds, the high dune cliffs, beautiful panoramic views over the Lagoon on the edge of Elbląg Upland, with a small share of developed areas.

Elbląg Upland Landscape Park - the most interesting part of Elbląg Upland, mostly covered with beech forests. It was established in 1985 and it stretches over an area of 134.6 square kilometres. It has some characteristics of mountainous areas such as specific plants, e.g. Pleurospermum austriacum, ostrich fern and Turk's cap lily. Animals are represented by the deer, dormouse, raccoon, white-tailed eagle, European honey buzzard, crane, lesser spotted eagle and other more common species. The highest elevation of the terrain is Mount Srebrna (Silver Mountain) (197 m above sea level). There are numerous streams.

Elbląg Bay - an ornithological nature reserve encompassing Elbląg Bay and the northern part of Nowakowo Island. In the reserve, mainly the breeding sites of water and marsh birds are protected. In the reserve, the so-called Golden Island (Złota Wyspa) is located, a still growing narrow peninsula cutting into the Vistula Lagoon.

Suchacz - 19th and early-20th century houses and an early 20th century brick building of the holiday centre 'Zamek'.

Kadyny - ruins of a monastery and a church of the first half of the 18th century, an 18th century palace, rebuilt in the early-20th century - now a horse stud farm is there; an orangery, a 17th century chapel.

Tolkmicko - a 14th century Gothic church, reconstructed and expanded in the early-20th century, a 14th century Gothic tower, an 18th century cemetery chapel, a 19th century Protestant chapel (now a catholic church), defensive walls, 18th century houses, rebuilt in the 19th-20th c. and harbour buildings.

Frombork - an attractive tourist destination with a complex of historic buildings on Cathedral Hill: a 14th century Gothic cathedral with an antique organ (venue of the International Organ Concerts), defensive walls with towers and turrets, a planetarium, the Copernicus Tower, a 15th century Baroque palace, now housing the Museum of Copernicus, a 14th century skeletal burial site, a 14th century church, a 15th century hospital with a chapel, a 14th century water tower rebuilt in the 16th century.

Krynica Morska - the most popular summer resort on the Vistula Lagoon. Krynica Morska, due to its favourable location and long traditions, aspires to the role of a spa town. The town offers a wide range of facilities for boating, recreation, windsurfing practice and numerous cultural events. Apart from the beautiful beaches, dunes and esplanades, the resort's biggest attraction is the only lighthouse in the Vistula Lagoon area.

Kąty Rybackie - a summer resort and fishing village with a seaport and a harbour. One can admire wide, sandy beaches and visit the Vistula Lagoon Museum.

Kąty Rybackie - ornithological nature reserve. Breeding colonies of the cormorant and the grey heron are protected in the reserve. The area is inhabited by the largest colony of the cormorant in Poland and Europe. The reserve is overgrown with pine forests. The terrain is rolling. The groundcover, which was once typical of pine forests, changes here after the trees are settled by cormorants. At first the plants are destroyed and, after a few years, new plant species start growing rapidly, such as red elderberry, tolerant to intensive fertilisation with bird droppings.

Szkarpawa River

Gdańska Głowa Lock - an impressive hydraulic structure on the Szkarpawa River, clearly visible from the Vistula river. The lock is to protect the areas along the Szkarpawa (the Wielkie Żuławy Malborskie Region) from flooding by the Vistula. The canal lock was built in 1895 as part of an investment programme to reconstruct the delta of the Vistula. The Gdańska Głowa lock has a chamber of a concrete structure, paved with clinker bricks, with two-leaf mitre gates. The gates are mounted in the concrete structure paved with clinker bricks, directly adjacent to the head of the lock chamber. Gdańska Głowa is also the name of a massive fortress guarding the entrance to the Żuławy Region, a historic complex of fortifications on a former island, located in the fork of the Vistula and the Wisła Elbląska River (Szkarpawa).

Drewnica - a village founded in the mid-14th century on the island known as Gdańska Głowa. At the beginning of the 15th century there were two mills and two inns in the village. Today, the most distinguishing feature of the village is the post mill from 1718. The windmill features a roof in the shape of an inverted boat and an overhang protruding over the small staircase gallery. The windmill in Drewnica is one of the last ones in Żuławy.

Żuławki - a village on the river Szkarpawa. The origins of the village date back to the middle of the 14th century. The most valuable monuments of the village Żuławki are numerous wooden buildings, including arcade houses and Dutch houses.

Rybina - an important junction of the rivers Szkarpawa, Wisła Królewiecka, Wielka Święta - Tuga and Linawa, which are considered a unique monument of hydraulic engineering. The village of Rybina has three movable bridges from the beginning of the 20th century, listed in the register of Polish monuments. Two of them are road bridges and one is a unique railway swing bridge. Another unique landmark of the village is the largest pumping station in Poland Chłodniewo, which drains the polders of Żuławy. In the village, valuable elements of traditional buildings have also been preserved. The highest point of the village is topped with a manor house from the beginning of the 19th century. There are also numerous wooden houses from the first half of the 19th century and Dutch homesteads from the beginning of the 20th c.

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